Its rhizome and wood contain glycosides (eleutherosides A, B, C, D, E). These components help to quickly assimilate carbohydrates, regulate the breakdown of fats, and help improve cellular respiration. The root contains gums, essential oil, while the leaves contain eleutherosides J, K, L and M. The plant is rich in alkaloid aralin, flavonoids, coumarins.
The beneficial properties of Eleutherococcus are that it increases the efficiency and endurance of the body, relieves mental and physical fatigue, improves vision, metabolism and the functioning of the nervous system, lowers blood sugar and cholesterol, as well as the risk of oncological problems, accelerates recovery processes, stimulates the nervous system. It helps to improve reflex activity, regulate carbohydrate metabolism, normalize the production of sex hormones, and reduce fatigue.